Other Historic Resources

Preservation doesn’t just apply to buildings. it is important to preserve resources like cemeteries and Native American sites.

Cemetery Preservation

Archaeology & Native American Sites

What is NAGPRA? NAGPRA stands for the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act which is a law that was passed in 1990 to facilitate the return for museums and Federal agencies to return certain Native American cultural items — human remains, funerary objects, sacred objects, or objects of cultural patrimony — to lineal descendants, Indian tribes and Native Hawaiian organizations.

Cultural Landscapes

What are cultural landscapes? The National Park Service defines them as:
“A geographic area, including both cultural and natural resources and the wildlife or domestic animals therein, associated with a historic event, activity, or person or exhibiting other cultural or aesthetic values.”

“Historic Landscapes include residential gardens and community parks, scenic highways, rural communities, institutional grounds, cemeteries, battlefields and zoological gardens. They are composed of a number of character-defining features which, individually or collectively contribute to the landscape’s physical appearance as they have evolved over time. In addition to vegetation and topography, cultural landscapes may include water features, such as ponds, streams, and fountains; circulation features, such as roads, paths, steps, and walls; buildings; and furnishings, including fences, benches, lights and sculptural objects.”

Preservation Brief #36 explains what Cultural Landscapes are and the best practices for planning, treatment and management.